## Glossario

Seleziona una delle parole chiave a sinistra ...

# Programming in JuliaConditionals

Momento della lettura: ~10 min

Consider a simple computational task performed by commonplace software, like highlighting the rows in a spreadsheet which have a value larger than 10 in the third column. We need a new programming language feature to do this, because we need to conditionally execute code (namely, the code which highlights a row) based on the value returned by the comparison operator. Julia provides if statements for this purpose.

## Conditionals

We can use an if statement to specify different blocks to be executed depending on the value of a boolean expression. For example, the following function calculates the sign of the input value x.

function sgn(x)
if x > 0
return +1
elseif x == 0
return 0
else
return -1
end
end

sgn(-5)

Conditional expressions can be written using ternary conditional «condition» ? «truevalue» : «falsevalue». For example, the following version of the sgn function returns the same values as the one above except when x == 0.

sgn(x) = x > 0 ? +1 : -1

sgn(-5)

## Exercises

Exercise
Can the else part of an if statement be omitted? Try running the example below.

x = 0.5
if x < 0
print("x is negative")
elseif x < 1
print("x is between 0 and 1")
end

Exercise
Write a function called my_abs which computes the absolute value of its input.

function my_abs(x)
end

using Test
@test my_abs(-3) == 3
@test my_abs(5.0) == 5.0
@test my_abs(0.0) == 0.0

Solution. We use a single if-else expression:

function my_abs(x)
if x ≥ 0
x
else
-x
end
end

Exercise
Write a function which returns the quadrant number (1, 2, 3, or 4) in which the point (x,y) is located. Recall that the quadrants are numbered counter-clockwise: the northeast quadrant is quadrant 1, the northwest quadrant is 2, and so on. For convenience, you may assume that both x and y are nonzero.

Consider nesting if-else blocks inside of an if-else block.

function quadrant(x,y)
end

using Test


Solution. Here's an example solution:

function quadrant(x,y)
if x > 0
if y > 0
1
else
4
end
else
if y > 0
2
else
3
end
end
end
Bruno